Sustainable mobility does not necessarily mean travelling less: it’s more about being travel-smart. This means mobility which is energy-efficient, clean and capable of providing hassle-free travel for daily needs (work, leisure, social life and so on). The concept provides leverage for increased sustainable development in environmental, economic and societal terms.
The transportation sector is responsible for one quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions; these have an impact on climate change. In built-up areas, however, public transport accounts for only around 1% of all CO2 emissions.
What is more, urban congestion is responsible for poor air quality locally, and this has an impact on health. Also, fossil fuel resources are not infinite.
For all of these reasons, it is vital that we adjust our travel habits and behaviours. Travel alone in your car only when really necessary; avoid unnecessary travel; combine various modes of transport and opt for mass transit and active transport such as walking, cycling, etc. where possible.
Cars are expensive on a daily basis: the total cost of an average commute in France (11 km) by car is €2.96 compared to an average of €0.86 on public transport, so using public transport makes economic sense, too!
Mobility needs are increasing. Improving services to certain neighbourhoods makes cities more accessible and helps bridge mobility divides, which occur where some places are cut off and certain types of people (such as the elderly and the disabled) find themselves isolated. Remedying this is also part of the mission of sustainable mobility.
Sources: Ministry for Sustainable Development and ADEME